post-title portfolio-title Oxaliplatin 100mg powder for Injection?Taj Pharma 2020-01-23 13:58:00 no no

1.NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT

Oxaliplatin 50mg powder for Injection?Taj Pharma
Oxaliplatin 100mg powder for Injection?Taj Pharma
  1. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION

a) Oxaliplatin?50 mg powder for injection?Taj Pharma
Each sterile lyophilized vial contains:
Oxaliplatin USP? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?50mg
Lactose Monohydrate USNF??? 450mg

b) Oxaliplatin?100 mg powder for injection?Taj Pharma
Each sterile lyophilized vial contains:
Oxaliplatin USP? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 100mg
Lactose Monohydrate USNF? ? 900mg

For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

  1. PHARMACEUTICAL FORM

Concentrate for solution for infusion

Clear, colourless solution, free from visible particles a pH in the range of 3.5 and 6.5 and 125 m Osm/Ltr. to 175 m Osm/ Ltr. osmolarity.

  1. CLINICAL PARTICULARS

4.1 Therapeutic indications
Oxaliplatin in combination with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and folinic acid (FA) is indicated for:

  • Adjuvant treatment of stage III (Duke’s C) colon cancer after complete resection of primary tumour
  • Treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer.

4.2 Posology and method of administration

FOR ADULTS ONLY

The recommended dose for oxaliplatin in adjuvant setting is 85 mg/m? intravenously repeated every two weeks for 12 cycles (6 months).

The recommended dose for oxaliplatin in treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer is 85 mg/m? intravenously repeated every 2 weeks.

Dosage given should be adjusted according to tolerability (see section 4.4).

Oxaliplatin should always be administered before fluoropyrimidines ? i.e. 5 fluorouracil (5 FU).

Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion is administered as a 2 to 6-hour intravenous infusion in 250 to 500 ml of 5% glucose solution to give a concentration between 0.2 mg/ml and 0.70 mg/ml; 0.70 mg/ml is the highest concentration in clinical practice for an oxaliplatin dose of 85 mg/m2.

Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion was mainly used in combination with continuous infusion 5-fluorouracil based regimens. For the two-weekly treatment schedule 5-fluorouracil regimens combining bolus and continuous infusion were used.

Special Populations

– Renal impairment:

Oxaliplatin has not been studied in patients with severe renal impairment (see section 4.3).

In patients with moderate renal impairment, treatment may be initiated at the normally recommended dose (see section 4.4). There is no need for dose adjustment in patients with mild renal dysfunction.

– Hepatic insufficiency

In a phase I study including patients with several levels of hepatic impairment, frequency and severity of hepato-biliary disorders appeared to be related to progressive disease and impaired liver function tests at baseline. No specific dose adjustment for patients with abnormal liver function tests was performed during clinical development.

– Elderly patients:

No increase in severe toxicities was observed when oxaliplatin was used as a single agent or in combination with 5-fluorouracil in patients over the age of 65. In consequence no specific dose adaptation is required for elderly patients.

Paediatric patients: There is no relevant indication for use of oxaliplatin in children. The effectiveness of oxaliplatin single agent in the paediatric populations with solid tumours has not been established (see sections 5.1).

Method of administration

Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion is administered by intravenous infusion.

The administration of Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion does not require hyperhydration.

Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion diluted in 250 to 500 ml of 5% glucose solution to give a concentration not less than 0.2 mg/ml must be infused via a peripheral vein or central venous line over 2 to 6 hours. Oxaliplatin infusion must always precede the administration of 5-fluorouracil.

In the event of extravasation, administration must be discontinued immediately.

Instructions for use:

Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion must be diluted before use. Only 5% glucose diluent is to be used to dilute the concentrate for solution for infusion product. (see section 6.6).

4.3 Contraindications
?Oxaliplatin is contraindicated in patients who

– have a known history of hypersensitivity to oxaliplatin or to it’s excipient.

– are breast-feeding.

– have myelosuppression prior to starting first course, as evidenced by baseline neutrophils <2×109/l and/or platelet count of <100×109l.

– have a peripheral sensitive neuropathy with functional impairment prior to first course.

– have a severely impaired renal function (creatinine clearance less than 30 ml /min).


4.4 Special Warnings and precautions for use

Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion should only be used in specialised departments of oncology and should be administered under the supervision of an experienced oncologist.

Due to limited information on safety in patients with moderately impaired renal function, administration should only be considered after suitable appraisal of the benefit/risk for the patient.

In this situation, renal function should be closely monitored and dose adjusted according to toxicity.

Patients with a history of allergic reaction to platinum compounds should be monitored for allergic symptoms. In case of an anaphylactic-like reaction to oxaliplatin, the infusion should be immediately discontinued and appropriate symptomatic treatment initiated. Oxaliplatin rechallenge is contra-indicated.

In case of oxaliplatin extravasation, the infusion must be stopped immediately and usual local symptomatic treatment initiated.

Neurological toxicity of oxaliplatin should be carefully monitored, especially if co-administered with other medicinal products with specific neurological toxicity. A neurological examination should be performed before each administration and periodically thereafter.

For patients who develop acute laryngopharyngeal dysaesthesia (see section 4.8), during or within the hours following the 2-hour infusion, the next oxaliplatin infusion should be administered over 6 hours.

If neurological symptoms (paraesthesia, dysaesthesia) occur, the following recommended oxaliplatin dosage adjustment should be based on the duration and severity of these symptoms:

– If symptoms last longer than seven days and are troublesome, the subsequent oxaliplatin dose should be reduced from 85 to 65 mg/m2?(metastatic setting) or 75 mg/m2?(adjuvant setting).

– If paraesthesia without functional impairment persists until the next cycle, the subsequent oxaliplatin dose should be reduced from 85 to 65 mg/m2?(metastatic setting) or 75 mg/m2?(adjuvant setting).

– If paraesthesia with functional impairment persists until the next cycle, oxaliplatin should be discontinued.

– If these symptoms improve following discontinuation of oxaliplatin therapy, resumption of therapy may be considered.

Patients should be informed of the possibilities of persistent symptoms of peripheral sensory neuropathy after the end of the treatment. Localised moderate parasthesias or parasthesias that may interfere with functional activities can persist after up to 3 years following treatment cessation in the adjuvant setting.

Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome (RPLS)

Cases of Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome (RPLS also known as PRES, Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome) have been reported in patients receiving oxaliplatin in combination chemotherapy. RPLS is a rare, reversible, rapidly evolving neurological condition, which can include seizure, hypertension, headache, confusion, blindness, and other visual and neurological disturbances (see section 4.8). Diagnosis of RPLS is based upon confirmation by brain imaging, preferably MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)

Gastrointestinal toxicity, which manifests as nausea and vomiting, warrants prophylactic and/or therapeutic anti-emetic therapy (see section 4.8.).

Dehydration, paralytic ileus, intestinal obstruction, hypokalemia, metabolic acidosis and renal impairment may be caused by severe diarrhoea/emesis particularly when combining oxaliplatin with 5-fluorouracil.

If haematological toxicity occurs (neutrophils < 1.5×109/l or platelets < 50×109/l), administration of the next course of therapy should be postponed until haematological values return to acceptable levels. A full blood count with white cell differential should be performed prior to start of therapy and before each subsequent course.

Patients must be adequately informed of the risk of diarrhoea/emesis, mucositis/stomatitis and neutropenia after oxaliplatin and 5-fluorouracil administration so that they can urgently contact their treating physician for appropriate management.

If mucositis/stomatitis occurs with or without neutropenia, the next treatment should be delayed until recovery from mucositis/stomatitis to grade 1 or less and/or until the neutrophil count is ? 1.5 x 109/l.

For oxaliplatin combined with 5-fluorouracil (with or without folinic acid), the usual dose adjustments for 5-fluorouracil associated toxicities should apply.

If grade 4 diarrhoea, grade 3-4 neutropenia (neutrophils < 1.0×109/l), grade 3-4 thrombocytopenia (platelets < 50×109/l) occur, the dose of oxaliplatin should be reduced from 85 to 65 mg/m? (metastatic setting) or 75 mg/m? (adjuvant setting), in addition to any 5-fluorouracil dose reductions required.

In the case of unexplained respiratory symptoms such as non-productive cough, dyspnoea, crackles or radiological pulmonary infiltrates, oxaliplatin should be discontinued until further pulmonary investigations exclude an interstitial lung disease (see section 4.8).

In case of abnormal liver function test results or portal hypertension, which does not obviously result from liver metastases, very rare cases of drug induced hepatic vascular disorders should be considered.

For use in pregnant women (see section 4.6).

Genotoxic effects were observed with oxaliplatin in the preclinical studies. Therefore male patients treated with oxaliplatin are advised not to father a child during and up to 6 months after treatment and to seek advice on conservation of sperm prior to treatment, because oxaliplatin may have an anti-fertility effect, which could be irreversible.

Women should not become pregnant during treatment with oxaliplatin and should use an effective method of contraception (see section 4.6).

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

In patients who have received a single dose of 85 mg/m2?of oxaliplatin, immediately before administration of 5-fluorouracil, no change in the level of exposure to 5-fluorouracil has been observed.

In vitro, no significant displacement of oxaliplatin binding to plasma proteins has been observed with the following agents: erythromycin, salicylates, granisetron, paclitaxel, and sodium valproate.

4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

In preclinical studies genotoxic effect were seen. Therefore, male patients which are treated with oxaliplatin are advised not to conceive a child during and until 6 months after the end of oxaliplatin therapy.

Women should not to become pregnant during oxaliplatin therapy and until 4 months after therapy, therefore contraceptive measures have to be taken.

Pregnancy

To date, there are no data available on the safety of use of oxaliplatin in pregnant women (see section 5.3). In animal studies, reproductive toxicity was observed (see section 5.3). Based on the results of animal studies and the pharmacological action of the compound, the use of oxaliplatin during pregnancy is advised against, in particular during the first trimester. Oxaliplatin therapy should only be considered after suitable appraising the patient of the risk to the foetus and with the patient’s consent.

Lactation

Excretion in breast milk has not been studied. Breast-feeding must be discontinued during oxaliplatin therapy.

Fertility

Testicular damage was observed in dogs at doses lower than the human therapeutic dose based on the body surface area.

Based on the pharmacological action of the compound, oxaliplatin may cause infertility. Male patients have to be consulted about sperm preservation.

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

No studies on the effects on the ability to drive and use machines have been performed. However, oxaliplatin treatment resulting in an increased risk of dizziness, nausea and vomiting, and other neurologic symptoms that affect gait and balance may lead to a minor or moderate influence on the ability to drive and use machines.

Vision abnormalities, in particular transient vision loss (reversible following therapy discontinuation), may affect patients’ ability to drive and use machines. Therefore, patients should be warned of the potential effect of these events on the ability to drive or use machines.

4.8 Undesirable Effects

The most frequent adverse events of oxaliplatin in combination with 5-fluorouracil/folinic acid (5-FU/FA) were gastrointestinal (diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting and mucositis), haematological (neutropenia, thrombocytopenia) and neurological (acute and dose cumulative peripheral sensory neuropathy). Overall, these adverse events were more frequent and severe with oxaliplatin and 5-FU/FA combination than with 5-FU/FA alone.

The frequencies reported in the table below are derived from clinical trials in the metastatic and adjuvant settings (having included 416 and 1108 patients respectively in the oxaliplatin + 5-FU/FA treatment arms) and from post marketing experience.

Frequencies in this table are defined using the following convention: very common (?1/10), common (? 1/100 to <1/10), uncommon (? 1/1000 to <1/100), rare (? 1/10000, <1/1000), very rare (<1/10000), not known (cannot be estimated from the available data).

Further details are given after the table.

MedDRA Organ system classes Very common Common Uncommon Rare
Investigations – Hepatic enzyme increase

– Blood alkaline phosphatase increase

– Blood bilirubin increase

– Blood lactate dehydrogenase increase

– Weight increase (adjuvant setting)

– Blood creatinine increase

– Weight decrease (metastatic setting)

Blood and lymphatic system disorders* – Anaemia

– Neutropenia

– Thrombocytopenia

– Leukopenia

– Lymphopenia

-Febrile neutropenia – Immunoallergic thrombocytopenia

– Haemolytic anaemia

Nervous system disorders* – Peripheral sensory neuropathy

– Sensory disturbance

– Dysgeusia

– Headache

– Dizziness

– Motor neuritis

– Meningism

– Dysarthria

– Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS, or PRES)** (see section 4.4)

Eye disorders – Conjunctivitis

– Visual disturbance

– Visual acuity reduced transiently

– Visual field disturbances

– Optic neuritis

– Transient vision loss,

– reversible following therapy discontinuation

Ear and labyrinth disorders – Ototoxicity – Deafness,
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders – Dyspnoea

– Cough

– Epistaxis

– Hiccups

– Pulmonary embolism

– Interstitial lung disease sometimes fatal

– Pulmonary fibrosis**

Gastrointestinal disorders* – Nausea

– Diarrhoea

– Vomiting

– Stomatitis / Mucositis

– Abdominal pain

– Constipation

– Dyspepsia

-Gastro esophageal reflux

– Gastrointestinal hemorrhage

– Rectal haemorrhage

– Ileus

– Intestinal obstruction

– Colitis including clostridium difficile diarrhea

– Pancreatitis

Renal and urinary disorders -Haematuria

– Dysuria

– Micturition frequency abnormal

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders – Skin disorder

– Alopecia

– Skin exfoliation (i.e. Hand & Foot syndrome)

– Rash erythematous

– Rash

– Hyperhidrosis

– Nail disorder

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders – Back pain – Arthralgia

– Bone pain

Metabolism and nutrition disorders – Anorexia

– Glycemia abnormalities

– Hypokalaemia

– Natraemia abnormalities

– Dehydration – Metabolic acidosis
Infections and infestations * – Infection – Rhinitis

– Upper respiratory tract infection

– Febrile neutropenia /Neutropenic sepsis

Vascular disorders – Epistaxis – Haemorrhage

– Flushing

– Deep vein thrombosis

– Pulmonary embolism

– Hypertension

General disorders and administration site conditions – Fatigue

– Fever++

– Asthenia

– Pain

– Injection site reaction+++

Immune system disorders* – Allergy/ allergic reaction+
Psychiatric disorders – Depression

– Insomnia

– Nervousness

 

* See detailed section below

** See section 4.4

+ Very common allergies/allergic reactions, occurring mainly during infusion, sometimes fatal. Common allergic reactions such as skin rash (particularly urticaria), conjunctivitis, rhinitis.

Common anaphylactic reactions, including broncospasm, sensation of chest pain, angioedema, hypotension and anaphylactic shock.

++ Very common fever, rigors (tremors), either from infection (with or without febrile neutropenia) or possibly from immunological mechanism.

+++ Injection site reaction including local pain, redness, swelling and thrombosis has been reported. Extravasation may also result in local pain and inflammation, which may be severe and lead to complications, including necrosis, especially when oxaliplatin is infused through a peripheral vein (see section 4.4).

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Incidence by patient (%), by grade

Oxaliplatin and?5 FU/FA?85 mg/m?

every 2 weeks

Metastatic?setting Adjuvant?setting
All?grades Gr 3 Gr 4 All grades Gr 3 Gr 4
Anaemia 82.2 3 <1 75.6 0.7 0.1
Neutropenia 71.4 28 14 78.9 28.8 12.3
Thrombocytopenia 71.6 4 <1 77.4 1.5 0.2
Febrile neutropenia 5.0 3.6 1.4 0.7 0.7 0.0
Neutropenic sepsis 1.1 0.7 0.4 1.1 0.6 0.4

Postmarketing experience with frequency unknown

Hemolytic uremic syndrome

Immune system disorders

Incidence of allergic reactions by patient (%), by grade

Oxaliplatin and 5-FU/FA?85 mg/m?

every 2 weeks

Metastatic Setting Adjuvant Setting
All grades Gr 3 Gr 4 All grades Gr 3 Gr 4
Allergic reactions / Allergy 9.1 1 <1 10.3 2.3 0.6

Nervous system disorders:

The dose limiting toxicity of oxaliplatin is neurological. It involves a sensory peripheral neuropathy characterised by dysaesthesia and/or parasthesia of the extremities with or without cramps, often triggered by the cold. These symptoms occur in up to 95% of patients treated. The duration of these symptoms, which usually regress between courses of treatment, increases with the number of treatment cycles.

The onset of pain and/or a functional disorder are indications, depending on the duration of the symptoms, for dose adjustment, or even treatment discontinuation (see section 4.4).

This functional disorder includes difficulties in executing delicate movements and is a possible consequence of sensory impairment. The risk of occurrence of persistent symptoms for a cumulative dose of 850 mg/m? (10 cycles) is approximately 10% and 20% for a cumulative dose of 1020 mg/m? (12 cycles).

In the majority of cases, the neurological signs and symptoms improve or totally recover when treatment is discontinued. In the adjuvant setting of colon cancer, 6 months after treatment cessation, 87% of patients had no or mild symptoms. After up to 3 years of follow up, about 3% of patients presented either with persisting localized paresthesias of moderate intensity (2.3%) or with paresthesias that may interfere with functional activities (0.5%).

Acute neurosensory manifestations (see section 5.3) have been reported. They start within hours of administration and often occur on exposure to cold. They usually present as transient paresthesia, dysesthesia and hypoesthesia. An acute syndrome of pharyngolaryngeal dysesthesia occurs in 1% – 2% of patients, and is characterised by subjective sensations of dysphagia or dyspnoea/feeling of suffocation, without any objective evidence of respiratory distress (no cyanosis or hypoxia) or of laryngospasm or bronchospasm (no stridor or wheezing). Although antihistamines and bronchodilators have been administered in such cases, the symptoms are rapidly reversible even in the absence of treatment. Prolongation of the infusion helps to reduce the incidence of this syndrome (see section 4.4). Occassionally other symptoms that have been observed include jaw spasm/muscle spasms/muscle contractions ? involuntary/muscle twitching/myoclonus, coordination abnormal/gait abnormal/ ataxia/ balance disorders, throat or chest tightness/ pressure/ discomfort/pain. In addition, cranial nerve dysfunctions may be associated, or also occur as an isolated event such as ptosis, diplopia, aphonia/ dysphonia/ hoarseness, sometimes described as vocal cord paralysis, abnormal tongue sensation or dysarthria, sometimes described as aphasia, trigeminal neuralgia/ facial pain/ eye pain, decrease in visual acuity, visual field disorders. In addition, cranial nerve dysfunctions may be associated, or also occur as an isolated event such as ptosis, diplopia, aphonia/ dysphonia/ hoarseness, sometimes described as vocal cord paralysis, abnormal tongue sensation or dysarthria, sometimes described as aphasia, trigeminal neuralgia/ facial pain/ eye pain, decrease in visual acuity, visual field disorders.

Other neurological symptoms such as dysarthria, loss of deep tendon reflex and Lhermitte’s sign were reported during treatment with oxaliplatin. Isolated cases of optic neuritis have been reported.

Postmarketing experience with frequency unknown

Convulsion

Gastrointestinal disorders

Incidence by patient (%), by grade

Oxaliplatin and 5-FU/FA?85 mg/m?

every 2 weeks

Metastatic Setting Adjuvant Setting
All grades Gr 3 Gr 4 All grades Gr 3 Gr 4
Nausea 69.9 8 <1 73.7 4.8 0.3
Diarrhoea 60.8 9 2 56.3 8.3 2.5
Vomiting 49.0 6 1 47.2 5.3 0.5
Mucositis/Stomatitis 39.9 4 <1 42.1 2.8 0.1

Prophylaxis and/or treatment with potent antiemetic agents is indicated.

Dehydration, paralytic ileus, intestinal obstruction, hypokalemia, metabolic acidosis and renal impairment may be caused by severe diarrhoea/emesis particularly when combining oxaliplatin with 5 fluorouracil (5 FU) (see section 4.4).

Hepato-biliary disorders

Very rare (<1/10,000):

Liver sinusoidal obstruction syndrome, also known as veno-occlusive disease of liver, or pathological manifestations related to such liver disorder, including peliosis hepatis, nodular regenerative hyperplasia, perisinusoidal fibrosis. Clinical manifestations may be portal hypertension and/or increased transaminases.

Renal and urinary disorders

Very rare (<1/10,000):

Acute tubular necrosis, acute interstitial nephritis and acute renal failure.

?

4.9 Overdose
There is no known antidote to oxaliplatin. In cases of overdose, exacerbation of adverse events can be expected. Monitoring of haematological parameters should be initiated and symptomatic treatment given.

  1. PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Oxaliplatin is an antineoplastic active substance belonging to a new class of platinum-based compounds in which the platinum atom is complexed with 1,2-diaminocyclohexane (?DACH?) and an oxalate group.

Oxaliplatin is a single enantiomer, (SP-4-2)-[(1R,2R)-Cyclohexane-1,2-diamine-kN, kN’] [ethanedioato(2-)-kO1, kO2] platinum

Oxaliplatin exhibits a wide spectrum of both?in vitro?cytotoxicity and?in vivo?antitumour activity in a variety of tumour model systems including human colorectal cancer models. Oxaliplatin also demonstrates?in vitro?and?in vivo?activity in various cisplatin resistant models.

A synergistic cytotoxic action has been observed in combination with 5-fluorouracil both?in vitro?and?in vivo.

Studies on the mechanism of action of oxaliplatin, although not completely elucidated, show that the aqua-derivatives resulting from the biotransformation of oxaliplatin, interact with DNA to form both inter and intra-strand cross-links, resulting in the disruption of DNA synthesis leading to cytotoxic and antitumour effects.

In patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, the efficacy of oxaliplatin (85mg/m2?repeated every two weeks) combined with 5-fluorouracil/folinic acid (5-FU/FA) is reported in three clinical studies:

– In front-line treatment, the 2-arm comparative phase III EFC2962 study randomized 420 patients either to 5-FU/FA alone (LV5FU2, N=210) or the combination of oxaliplatin with 5-FU/FA (FOLFOX4, N=210)

– In pretreated patients the comparative three arms phase III study EFC4584 study randomized 821 patients refractory to an irinotecan (CPT-11) + 5-FU/FA combination either to 5-FU/FA alone (LV5FU2, N=275), oxaliplatin single agent (N=275), or combination of oxaliplatin with 5-FU/FA (FOLFOX4, N=271).

– Finally, the uncontrolled phase II EFC2964 study included patients refractory 5-FU/FA alone, that were treated with the oxaliplatin and 5-FU/FA combination (FOLFOX4, N=57)

The two randomized clinical trials, EFC2962 in front-line therapy and EFC4584 in pretreated patients, demonstrated a significantly higher response rate and a prolonged progression free survival (PFS)/time to progression (TTP) as compared to treatment with 5-FU/FA alone. In EFC 4584 performed in refractory pretreated patients, the difference in median overall survival (OS) between the combination of oxaliplatin and 5-FU/FA did not reach statistical significance.

Response rate under FOLFOX4 versus LV5FU2

Response rate %

(95% CI)

Independent radiological review ITT analysis

LV5FU2 FOLFOX4 Oxaliplatin

Single agent

Front-line treatment

EFC2962

22 (16-27) 49 (42-46) NA*
Response assessment every 8 weeks P value = 0.0001
Pretreated patients

EFC4584

(refractory to CPT-11 + 5FU/FA)

0.7 (0.0-2.7) 11.1 (7.6-15.5) 1.1 (0.2-3.2)
Response assessment every 6 weeks P value < 0.0001
Pretreated patients

EFC2964 (refractory to 5-FU/FA)

Response assessment every 12 weeks

 

NA*

 

23 (13-36)

 

NA*

*NA: Not Applicable

Median Progression Free Survival (PFS) / Median Time to Progression (TTP) FOLFOX4 versus LV5FU2

Median PFS/TTP,

Months (95% CI)

Independent radiological review ITT analysis

LV5FU2 FOLFOX4 Oxaliplatin

Single agent

Front-line treatment

EFC2962 (PFS)

6.0 (5.5-6.5) 8.2 (7.2-8.8) NA*
Log-rank P value = 0.0003
Pretreated patients

EFC4584 (TTP)

(refractory to CPT-11 + 5FU/FA)

2.6 (1.8-2.9) 5.3 (4.7-6.1) 2.1 (1.6-2.7)
Log-rank P value < 0.0001
Pretreated patients

EFC2964

(refractory to 5-FU/FA)

NA* 5.1 (3.1-5.7) NA*

*NA: Not Applicable

Median Overall Survival (OS) under FOLFOX4 versus LV5FU2

Median OS,

Months (95% CI)

ITT analysis

LV5FU2 FOLFOX4 Oxaliplatin

Single agent

Front-line treatment

EFC2962

14.7 (13.0-18.2) 16.2 (14.7-18.2) NA*
Log-rank P value = 0.12
Pretreated patients

EFC4584

(refractory to CPT-11 + 5FU/FA)

8.8 (7.3-9.3) 9.9 (9.1-10.5) 8.1 (7.2-8.7)
Log-rank P value = 0.09
Pretreated patients

EFC2964

(refractory to 5-FU/FA)

NA* 10.8 (9.3-12.8) NA*

*NA : Not Applicable

In pretreated patients (EFC4584), who were symptomatic at baseline, a higher proportion of those treated with Oxaliplatin and 5-FU/FA experienced a significant improvement of their disease-related symptoms compared to those treated with 5-FU/FA alone (27.7% vs 14.6% p= 0.0033).

In non pretreated patients (EFC2962), no statistical significant difference between the two treatment groups was found for any of the quality of life dimensions. However, the quality of life scores were generally better in the control arm for measurement of global health status and pain and worse in the oxaliplatin arm for nausea and vomiting. In the adjuvant setting, the comparative MOSAIC phase III study (EFC3313) randomised 2246 patients (899 stage II/ Duke’s B2 and 1347 stage III/ Duke’s C) further to complete resection of the primary tumour of colon cancer either to 5-FU/FA alone (LV5FU2 N=1123, B2/C = 448/675) or to combination of oxaliplatin and 5-FU/FA (FOLFOX 4, N =1123, B2/C = 451/672)

?

EFC 3313 3-year disease free survival (ITT analysis)* for the overall population.

Treatment arm LV5FU2 FOLFOX4
Percent 3-year disease free survival (95 % CI) 73.3 (70.6-75.9) 78.7 (76.2-81.1)
Hazard ratio (95 % CI) 0.76 (0.64-0.89)
Stratified log rank test P=0.0008

* median follow up 44.2 months (all patients followed for at least 3 years)

The study demonstrated an overall significant advantage in 3-year disease free survival for the oxaliplatin and 5 FU/FA combination (FOLFOX4) over 5 FU/FA alone (LV5FU2).

EFC 3313 3-year disease free survival (ITT analysis)* according to disease stage

Patient stage Stage II

(Duke’s B2)

Stage III

(Duke’s C)

Treatment arm LV5FU2 FOLFOX4 LV5FU2 FOLFOX4
Percent 3-year disease free survival 84.3 87.4 65.8 72.8
(95 % CI) (80.9-87.7) (84.3-90.5) (62.2-69.5) (69.4-76.2)
Hazard ratio (95 % CI) 0.79 (0.57-1.09) 0.75 (0.62-0.90)
Log-rank test P=0.151 P=0.002

* median follow up 44.2 months (all patients followed for at least 3 years)

Overall Survival (ITT analysis)

At time of the analysis of the 3-year disease free survival, which was the primary endpoint of the MOSAIC trial, 85.1 % of the patients were still alive in the FOLFOX4 arm versus 83.8 % in the LV5FU2 arm. This translated into an overall reduction in mortality risk of 10 % in favor of FOLFOX4 not reaching statistical significance (hazard ratio = 0.90). The figures were 92.2 % versus 92.4 % in the Stage II (Duke’s B2) sub-population (hazard ratio = 1.01) and 80.4 % versus 78.1 % in the Stage III (Duke’s C) sub-population (hazard ratio = 0.87), for FOLFOX4 and LV5FU2, respectively.

Paediatric patients:

Oxaliplatin single agent has been evaluated in paediatric population in 2 Phase I (69 patients) and 2 Phase II (90 patients) studies. A total of 159 paediatric patients (7 months-22 years of age) with solid tumours have been treated. The effectiveness of oxaliplatin single agent in the paediatric populations treated has not been established. Accrual in both Phase II studies was stopped for lack of tumour response.


5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

The pharmacokinetics of individual active compounds have not been determined. The pharmacokinetics of ultrafiltrable platinum, representing a mixture of all unbound, active and inactive platinum species, following a two-hour infusion of oxaliplatin at 130 mg/m? every three weeks for 1 to 5 cycles and oxaliplatin at 85 mg/m? every two weeks for 1 to 3 cycles are as follows:

Summary of Platinum Pharmacokinetic Parameter Estimates in Ultrafiltrate Following Multiple Doses of Oxaliplatin at 85 mg/m2?every two weeks or at 130 mg/m2?every three weeks

Dose Cmax AUC0-48 AUC t1/2?? t?1/2?? t1/2?? Vss CL
?g/ml ?g.h/ml ?g.h/ml h h h L L/h
85 mg/m2
Mean 0.814 4.19 4.68 0.43 16.8 391 440 17.4
SD 0.193 0.647 1.40 0.35 5.74 406 199 6.35
130 mg/m2
Mean 1.21 8.20 11.9 0.28 16.3 273 582 10.1
SD 0.10 2.40 4.60 0.06 2.90 19.0 261 3.07

Mean AUC0-48, and Cmax?values were determined on Cycle 3 (85 mg/m2) or cycle 5 (130 mg/m2).

Mean AUC, Vss, CL, and CLR0-48?values were determined on Cycle 1.

Cend, Cmax, AUC, AUC0-48, Vss?and CL values were determined by non-compartmental analysis. t1/2??, t?1/2??, and t1/2??, were determined by compartmental analysis (Cycles 1-3 combined).

At the end of a 2-hour infusion, 15% of the administered platinum is present in the systemic circulation, the remaining 85% being rapidly distributed into tissues or eliminated in the urine. Irreversible binding to red blood cells and plasma, results in half-lives in these matrices that are close to the natural turnover of red blood cells and serum albumin. No accumulation was observed in plasma ultrafiltrate following 85 mg/m2?every two weeks or 130 mg/m2?every three weeks and steady state was attained by cycle one in this matrix. Inter- and intra-subject variability is generally low.

Biotransformation?in vitro?is considered to be the result of non-enzymatic degradation and there is no evidence of cytochrome P450-mediated metabolism of the diaminocyclohexane (DACH) ring.

Oxaliplatin undergoes extensive biotransformation in patients, and no intact active substance was detectable in plasma ultrafiltrate at the end of a 2h-infusion. Several cytotoxic biotransformation products including the monochloro-, dichloro- and diaquo-DACH platinum species have been identified in the systemic circulation together with a number of inactive conjugates at later time points.

Platinum is predominantly excreted in urine, with clearance mainly in the 48 hours following administration.

By day 5, approximately 54% of the total dose was recovered in the urine and < 3% in the faeces.

The effect of renal impairment on the disposition of oxaliplatin was studied in patients with varying degrees of renal function. Oxaliplatin was administered at a dose of 85 mg/m2 in the control group with a normal renal function (CLcr > 80 ml/min, n=12) and in patients with mild (CLcr = 50 to 80 ml/min, n=13) and moderate (CLcr = 30 to 49 ml/min, n=11) renal impairment, and at a dose of 65mg/m2 in patients with severe renal impairment (CLcr < 30 ml/min, n=5). Median exposure was 9, 4, 6, and 3 cycles, respectively, and PK data at cycle 1 were obtained in 11, 13, 10, and 4 patients respectively.

There was an increase in plasma ultrafiltrate (PUF) platinum AUC, AUC/dose and a decrease in total and renal CL and Vss with increasing renal impairment especially in the (small) group of patients with severe renal impairment: point estimate (90% CI) of estimated mean ratios by renal status versus normal renal function for AUC/dose were 1.36 (1.08, 1.71), 2.34 (1.82, 3.01) and 4.81 (3.49, 6.64) for patients with mild and moderate and in severe renal failure respectively.

Elimination of oxaliplatin is significantly correlated with the creatinine clearance. Total PUF platinum CL was respectively 0.74 (0.59, 0.92), 0.43 (0.33, 0.55) and 0.21 (0.15, 0.29) and for Vss respectively 0.52 (0.41, 0.65), 0.73 (0.59, 0.91) and 0.27 (0.20, 0.36) for patients with mild, moderate and severe renal failure respectively. Total body clearance of PUF platinum was therefore reduced by respectively 26% in mild, 57% in moderate, and 79% in severe renal impairment compared to patients with normal function.

Renal clearance of PUF platinum was reduced in patients with impaired renal function by 30% in mild, 65% in moderate, and 84% in severe renal impairment compared to patients with normal function.

There was an increase in beta half life of PUF platinum with increasing degree of renal impairment mainly in the severe group. Despite the small number of patients with severe renal dysfunction, these data are of concern in patients in severe renal failure and should be taken into account when prescribing oxaliplatin in patients with renal impairment (see sections 4.2, 4.3 and 4.4).

5.3 Preclinical safety data

The target organs identified in preclinical species (mice, rats, dogs, and/or monkeys) in single- and multiple-dose studies included the bone marrow, the gastrointestinal system, the kidney, the testes, the nervous system, and the heart. The target organ toxicities observed in animals are consistent with those produced by other platinum-containing medicinal products and DNA-damaging, cytotoxic medicinal products used in the treatment of human cancers with the exception of the effects produced on the heart. Effects on the heart were observed only in the dog and included electrophysiological disturbances with lethal ventricular fibrillation. Cardiotoxicity is considered specific to the dog not only because it was observed in the dog alone but also because doses similar to those producing lethal cardiotoxicity in dogs (150 mg/m2) were well-tolerated by humans. Preclinical studies using rat sensory neurons suggest that the acute neurosensory symptoms related to Oxaliplatin may involve an interaction with voltage-gated Na+channels.

Oxaliplatin was mutagenic and clastogenic in mammalian test systems and produced embryo-fetal toxicity in rats. Oxaliplatin is considered a probable carcinogen, although carcinogenic studies have not been conducted.

  1. PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS

    6.1 List of excipients

    Lactose monohydrate,

Water for injections

?6.2 Incompatibilities

The diluted medicinal product should not be mixed with other medications in the same infusion bag or infusion line. Under instructions for use described in section 6.6 oxaliplatin can be co-administered with folinic acid (FA) via a Y-line.

– DO NOT mix with alkaline medicinal products or solutions, in particular 5-fluorouracil, folinic acid preparations containing trometamol as an excipient and trometamol salts of other drugs. Alkaline drugs or solutions will adversely affect the stability of oxaliplatin (see section 6.6).

– DO NOT dilute oxaliplatin with saline or other solutions containing chloride ions (including calcium, potassium or sodium chloride).

– DO NOT mix with other medicinal products in the same infusion bag or infusion line (see section 6.6 for instructions concerning simultaneous administration with folinic acid).

– DO NOT use injection equipment containing aluminium

6.3? Shelf life

2 years.

After dilution in 5% glucose, chemical and physical in-use stability has been demonstrated for up to 48 hours at +2?C to +8?C and for 24 hours at +25?C.

From a microbiological point of view, the infusion preparation should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and would normally not be longer than 24 hours at 2?C to 8?C unless dilution has taken place in controlled and validated aseptic conditions.

6.4 Special precautions for storage

Keep the vial in the outer carton in order to protect from light. Do not freeze.

For storage conditions of the diluted medicinal product, see section 6.3

6.5 Nature and contents of containerFor 10 ml,

Concentrate for solution for infusion is filled in 10 ml type 1 clear tubular glass vial with either 20 mm chlorobutyl rubber stopper or siliconised rubber stopper with teflon film on plug surface and 20 mm aluminium flip off lavender seal

For 20 ml,

Concentrate for solution for infusion is filled in 20 ml type 1 clear molded glass vial with either 20 mm chlorobutyl rubber stopper or siliconised rubber stopper with teflon film on plug surface and 20 mm aluminium flips off lavender seal

For 40 ml,

Concentrate for solution for infusion is filled in 50 ml type 1 clear tubular glass vial with either 20 mm chlorobutyl rubber stopper or siliconised rubber stopper with teflon film on plug surface and 20 mm aluminium flips off lavender seal

Pack size: 1 vial per carton

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling


As with other potentially toxic compounds, caution should be exercised when handling and preparing oxaliplatin solutions.

Instructions for Handling

The handling of this cytotoxic agent by healthcare personnel requires every precaution to guarantee the protection of the handler and his surroundings.

The preparation of injectable solutions of cytotoxic agents must be carried out by trained specialist personnel with knowledge of the medicines used, in conditions that guarantee the integrity of the medicinal product, the protection of the environment and in particular the protection of the personnel handling the medicines, in accordance with the hospital policy. It requires a preparation area reserved for this purpose. It is forbidden to smoke, eat or drink in this area.

Personnel must be provided with appropriate handling materials, notably long sleeved gowns, protection masks, caps, protective goggles, sterile single-use gloves, protective covers for the work area, containers and collection bags for waste.

Excreta and vomit must be handled with care.

Pregnant women must be warned to avoid handling cytotoxic agents.

Any broken container must be treated with the same precautions and considered as contaminated waste. Contaminated waste should be incinerated in suitably labelled rigid containers. See below section ?Disposal?.

If Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion, should come into contact with skin, wash immediately and thoroughly with water.

If Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion, should come into contact with mucous membranes, wash immediately and thoroughly with water.

-Special precautions for administration

– DO NOT use injection equipment containing aluminium.

– DO NOT administer undiluted.

– Only 5% glucose infusion solution is to be used as a diluent. DO NOT dilute for infusion with sodium chloride or chloride containing solutions.

– DO NOT mix with any other medicinal products in the same infusion bag or administer simultaneously by the same infusion line

– DO NOT mix with alkaline drugs or solutions, in particular 5 fluorouracil, folinic acid preparations containing trometamol as an excipient and trometamol salts of others drugs. Alkaline drugs or solutions will adversely affect the stability of oxaliplatin

Instruction for use with folinic acid (FA) (as calcium folinate or disodium folinate)

Oxaliplatin 85 mg/m? intravenous infusion (I.V.) in 250 to 500 ml of 5% glucose solution is given at the same time as folinic acid (FA) intravenous infusion in 5% glucose solution, over 2 to 6 hours, using a Y-line placed immediately before the site of infusion. These two medicinal products should not be combined in the same infusion bag. Folinic acid (FA) must not contain trometamol as an excipient and must only be diluted using isotonic 5% glucose solution, never in alkaline solutions or sodium chloride or chloride containing solutions.

Instruction for use with 5 fluorouracil (5 FU)

Oxaliplatin should always be administered before fluoropyrimidines ? i.e. 5 fluorouracil (5 FU).

After oxaliplatin administration, flush the line and then administer 5 fluorouracil (5 FU).

For additional information on drug combined with oxaliplatin, see the corresponding manufacturer’s summary of product characteristics.

Dilution for intravenous infusion

Withdraw the required amount of concentrate solution from the vial(s) and then dilute with 250 ml to 500 ml of a 5% glucose solution to give an oxaliplatin concentration between 0.2 mg/ml and 2 mg/ml; concentration range for which the physico-chemical stability of oxaliplatin has been demonstrated.

Administer by intravenous infusion (I.V).

After dilution in 5 % glucose, chemical and physical in-use stability has been demonstrated for 48 hours at +2?C to +8?C and for 24 hours at +25?C. From a microbiological point of view, this infusion preparation should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and would normally not be longer than 24 hours at 2?C to 8?C unless dilution has taken place in controlled and validated aseptic conditions.

Concentrate for solution for Infusion

Inspect visually prior to use. Only clear solutions without particles should be used.

The medicinal product is for single use only. Any unused concentrate should be discarded.

NEVER use sodium chloride or chloride containing solutions for dilution.

The compatibility of Oxaliplatin solution for infusion has been tested with representative, PVC-based, administration sets.

Infusion

The administration of oxaliplatin does not require prehydration.

Oxaliplatin diluted in 250 to 500 ml of a 5% glucose solution to give a concentration not less than 0.2 mg/ml must be infused either by peripheral vein or central venous line over 2 to 6 hours. When oxaliplatin is administered with 5-fluorouracil, the oxaliplatin infusion must precede the administration of 5-fluorouracil.

Disposal

Remnants of the medicinal product as well as all materials that have been used for dilution and administration must be destroyed according to hospital standard procedures applicable to cytotoxic agents in accordance with local requirements related to the disposal of hazardous waste.

7. Manufactured in India By:
TAJ PHARMACEUTICALS LIMITED
at SURVEY NO.188/1 TO 189/1,190/1 TO 4,
ATHIYAWAD, DABHEL, DAMAN- 396210 (INDIA)

Oxaliplatin 50mg powder for Injection?Taj Pharma

Package leaflet: Information for the patient

Oxaliplatin

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.
– Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
?- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
– This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
-If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.

What is in this leaflet

1. What Oxaliplatin Concentrate for Solution for Infusion is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Oxaliplatin Concentrate for Solution for Infusion
3. How to take Oxaliplatin Concentrate for Solution for Infusion
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Oxaliplatin Concentrate for Solution for Infusion
6. Further information

  1. WHAT OXALIPLATIN CONCENTRATE FOR SOLUTION FOR INFUSION IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR

The name of your medicine is ?{invented name}? but in the rest of the leaflet it will be called ?Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion?. The active ingredient of oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion is oxaliplatin. Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion is used to treat cancer of the large bowel (treatment of stage III colon cancer after complete resection of primary tumour, metastatic cancer of colon and rectum). Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion is used in combination with other anticancer medicines called 5 fluorouracil and folinic acid. Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion has to be dissolved and made into a solution before it can be injected into a vein. Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion is an antineoplastic or anticancer drug and contains platinum.

  1. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE YOU TAKE OXALIPLATIN CONCENTRATE FOR SOLUTION FOR INFUSION

You should not be given Oxaliplatin Concentrate for solution for infusion – if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to oxaliplatin or any of the other ingredients of the Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion including lactose monohydrate, – if you already have a reduced number of blood cells, – if you breast feeding, – if you already have tingling and numbness in the fingers and/or toes, and have difficulty performing delicate tasks, such as buttoning clothes, – if you have severe kidney problems. Take special care with Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion – if you have ever suffered an allergic reaction to platinum-containing medicines such as carboplatin, cisplatin – if you have moderate kidney problems – if you have any liver problems – If you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy it is very important that you discuss this with your doctor before you receive any treatment. Oxaliplatin may have an anti-fertility effect, which could be irreversible. Male patients are therefore advised not to father a child during and up to 6 months after treatment and to seek advice on conservation of sperm prior to treatment. Taking other medicines Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription. Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Pregnancy You must not be treated with oxaliplatin unless clearly indicated by your doctor. It is not recommended that you become pregnant during treatment with oxaliplatin and must use an effective method of contraception. If you get pregnant during your treatment, you must immediately inform your doctor. You should take appropriate contraceptive measures during and after cessation of therapy continuing for 4 months for women and 6 months for men. Breast-feeding You must not breast-feed while you are treated with oxaliplatin. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before using any medicine. Driving and using machines: Oxaliplatin treatment may result in an increased risk of dizziness, nausea and vomiting, and other neurological symptoms that affect walking and balance If this happens you should not drive or operate machinery. If you have vision problems while taking Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion, do not drive, operate heavy machines, or engage in dangerous activities.

  1. HOW TO TAKE OXALIPLATIN CONCENTRATE FOR SOLUTION FOR INFUSION

Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion is intended only for adults. Dosage The dose of Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion is based on your body surface area. This is calculated from your height and weight. The usual dose for adults including the elderly is 85 mg/m2 of body surface area. The dose you receive will also depend on results of blood tests and whether you have previously experienced side effects with Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion. Method and route of administration ? Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion will be prescribed for you by a specialist in cancer treatment.? You will be treated by a healthcare professional, who will have made up the required dose of Oxaliplatin? concentrate for solution for infusion. ? Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion is given by slow injection into one of your veins (an intravenous infusion) over a 2 to 6 hour period. ? Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion will be given to you at the same time as folinic acid and before the infusion of 5 fluorouracil. Frequency of administration You should usually receive your infusion once every 2 weeks. Duration of treatment The duration of the treatment will be determined by your doctor. Your treatment will last a maximum of 6 months when used after complete resection of your tumour. If you use more Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion than you should As this medicine is administered by a healthcare professional it is highly unlikely that you will be given too much or too little. In case of overdose, you may experience increased side effects. Your doctor may give you appropriate treatment for these side effects. If you have any questions about your treatment, ask your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.


  1. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS

Like all medicines, Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
If you experience any side effect it is important that you inform your doctor before your next treatment.
You will find described below the side effects that you could experience.
Tell your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following:
– Abnormal bruising, bleeding or signs of infection such as a sore throat and high temperature
– Persistent or severe diarrhoea or vomiting,
– Presence of blood or dark brown coffee
-coloured granules in your vomit,
– Stomatitis/mucositis (sore lips or mouth ulcers),
– Unexplained respiratory symptoms such as a dry cough, difficulties in breathing or crackles
– A group of symptoms such as headache, altered mental functioning, seizures and abnormal vision from blurriness to vision loss (symptoms of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome, a rare neurological disorder).

Other known side effects of Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion are:

Very common (Side effects that occur in at least 1 patient out of 10):
? Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion can affect the nerves (peripheral neuropathy). You may feel atingling and/or numbness in the fingers, toes, around the mouth or in the throat, which may sometimes occur in association with cramps.
These effects are often triggered by exposure to cold e.g. opening a refrigerator or holding a cold drink. You may also have difficulty in performing delicate tasks, such as buttoning clothes. Although in the majority of cases these symptoms resolve themselves completely, there is a possibility of persistent symptoms of peripheral sensory neuropathy after the end of the treatment.
Some people have experienced a tingling, shock-like sensation passing down the arms or trunk when the neck is flexed.

  • Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion can sometimes cause an unpleasant sensation in thethroat, in particular when swallowing, and give the sensation of shortness of breath. This sensation, if it happens, usually occurs during or within hours of the infusion and may be triggered by exposure to the cold. Although unpleasant, it will not last long and goes away without the need for any treatment. Your doctor may decide to alter your treatment as a result.
  • Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion may cause diarrhea, mild nausea (feeling sick) and vomiting (being sick); however medication to prevent the sickness is usually given to you by your doctor before treatment and may be continued after treatment.
  • Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion causes temporary reduction in the number of blood cells. The? reduction of red cells may cause anemia (a reduction of red cells), abnormal bleeding or bruising (due to a reduction in platelets). The reduction in white blood cells may make you prone to infections. Your doctor will take blood to check that you have sufficient blood cells before you start treatment and before each subsequent course.
  • Hypokalaemia (Condition of below normal levels of potassium in the blood serum)
  • Natraemia (Excessive amounts of sodium in the blood)
  • Fatigue (physical and/or mental exhaustion) and Asthenia (Loss or lack of bodily strength; weakness).

Your doctor will take blood to check that you have sufficient blood cells before you start treatment and before each subsequent course.
? Sensation of discomfort close to or at the injection site during the infusion,
?? Fever, rigors (tremors), mild or severe tiredness, body pain,
?? Weight changes, loss or lack of appetite, taste disorders, constipation,
?? Headache, back pain,
?? Swelling of the nerves to your muscles, neck stiffness, abnormal tongue sensation possibly
? altering speech, stomatitis / mucositis (sore lips or mouth ulcers),? Stomach pain,
?? Abnormal bleeding including nose bleeds,
?? Coughing, difficulty in breathing,
?? Allergic reactions, skin rash which may be red and itchy, mild hair loss (alopecia),
?? Alteration in blood tests including those relating to abnormalities in liver function.

Common (Side effects that occur in more than 1 patient out of 100 but less than 1 patient out of 10):
? Infection due to a reduction in white blood cells
? Indigestion and heart burn, hiccups, flushing, dizziness,
?? Increased sweating and nail disorders, flaking skin,
?? Chest pain,
?? Lung disorders and runny nose,
?? Joint pain and bone pain,
?? Pain on passing urine and changes in kidney function, changes of frequency of urination, dehydration,
?? Blood in the urine/stools, swelling of the veins, clots in the lung,
?? High blood pressure
?? Depression and insomnia,
?? Conjunctivitis and visual problems,
?? Hyperhidrosis (A disorder marked by excessive sweating)

Uncommon (Side effects that occur in more than 1 patient out of 1,000 but less than 1 patient out of 100):
? Blockage or swelling of the bowel,
?? Nervousness.

?Rare (Side effects that occur in more than 1 patient out of 10,000 but less than 1 patient out of 1,000):
? Loss of hearing,
? Scarring and thickening in the lungs with difficulties in breathing, sometimes fatal (interstitial lung disease),
? Reversible short-term loss of vision.

Very rare (Side effects that occur in less than 1 patient out of 10,000):
? Presence of blood or dark brown coffee-coloured granules in your vomit.
? Frequency unknown (cannot be assessed)
? Convulsion.

If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.

5.HOW TO STORE OXALIPLATIN CONCENTRATE FOR SOLUTION FOR INFUSION

Keep out of the reach and sight of children
Do not use Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion after expiry date (EXP) the last day of the month, which is stated on the pack.
Prior to mixing keep the vial in the outer carton in order to protect from light.
Do not freeze.
Chemical and physical in-use stability has been demonstrated for 48 hours at 2?C to 8?C and for 24 hours at +25?C. From a microbiological point of view, this infusion preparation should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and would normally not be longer than 24 hours at 2?C to 8?C unless dilution has taken place in controlled and validated aseptic conditions.
Do not use Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion if you notice that the solution is not clear and free of particles.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion should not come into contact with the eyes or skin. If there is any accidental spillage, tell the doctor or nurse immediately.
When the infusion has finished, Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion will be disposed of carefully by the doctor or nurse.

  1. CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND FURTHER INFORMATION

What Oxaliplatin Concentrate for Solution for Infusion contain

a) Oxaliplatin?50 mg powder for injection?Taj Pharma
Each sterile lyophilized vial contains:
Oxaliplatin USP? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?50mg
Lactose Monohydrate USNF??? 450mg

b) Oxaliplatin?100 mg powder for injection?Taj Pharma
Each sterile lyophilized vial contains:
Oxaliplatin USP? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 100mg
Lactose Monohydrate USNF? ? 900mg

What Oxaliplatin Concentrate for Solution for Infusion looks like and contents of the pack
Oxaliplatin concentrate for solution for infusion is a clear colourless solution free from visible particles. Each glass vial is packed in an individual carton. Not all pack size may be marketed.

7. Manufactured in India By:
TAJ PHARMACEUTICALS LIMITED
at SURVEY NO.188/1 TO 189/1,190/1 TO 4,
ATHIYAWAD, DABHEL, DAMAN- 396210 (INDIA)

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